How to make natural homemade soap

Many individuals regularly use soap as part of their personal hygiene routine since it is effective at removing perspiration and debris from your skin.

There are many alternatives for buying soap in stores, but you may also manufacture your own at home. Making mild soap at home may be enjoyable and economical. Furthermore, you may select the flavors and smells according on your preferences.

By definition, soap is a mixture of an alkali and a fat or oil. While the alkali is a substance called lye, the oil is derived from an animal or plant. Sodium hydroxide is used as the lye while producing bar soap. You need potassium hydroxide to make liquid soap.

Soap is produced by mixing and then heating lye and oil. The term “saponification” refers to this chemistry process. Since saponification cannot occur without lye, lye is required to make soap.

basic equipment and materials for soapmakers

The following are essential ingredients for manufacturing soap, and you can find many of them online:

  • Slow cooker
  • Container made of stainless steel, glass, or plastic (for measuring lye)
  • Heavy-duty stainless steel, glass, or plastic containers (for mixing lye and water)
  • The silicone moulds (that are used only for soap-making)
  • Soap cutter
  • Fragrance and base material like alovera,mango,milk,turmeric anything
  • Coconut/Olive oil

Soap-making safety equipment

  • safety goggles
  • rubber or latex gloves
  • oven mitt
  • long-sleeved shirt
  • apron
  • well-ventilated work area

Basic ingredients

  • 20 oz. coconut oil
  • 10 oz. olive oil
  • 9 oz. distilled water
  • 4.78 oz. 100 percent pure lye
  • 20 to 40 drops of essential oils, if desired
  • colorants (optional)
  • dried herbs or flowers (optional)

Bar soap for beginners

There are two methods for making bar soap from scratch:

  • Hot process. In the production of hot process soap, external heat speeds up saponification. The majority of soaps may be used the next day, however if you want a tougher bar, it’s best to wait one week.
  • Cold process. The internal heat generated spontaneously during saponification is used in the cold process. In 4 to 6 weeks, the bars will have completely hardened.

You may find hot process soap directions below. This process offers a quick turnaround and is user-friendly for beginners. It produces 7 to 10 personalised bar soaps, or 30 ounces, in total.

We’ll look at some further alternatives and provide advice for selecting your own bar soap ingredients later on in the piece.


  • Put on your safety gear and measure your ingredients.
  • Set the slow cooker to low.
  • The slow cooker should now contain coconut oil. Prepare the lye solution as it melts. Add the lye gradually to the water. (Adding water to lye is dangerous.)
  • With a spatula, carefully stir the solution as you add the lye. It’ll become hot and release fumes, which is OK.
  • Set aside the lye solution. Let cool for 15 to 20 minutes.
  • Check the oils. If the coconut oil has completely melted, add the olive oil. Stir well.
  • Using the candy thermometer, measure the temperature of the oils. Place the immersion blender on the slow cooker’s side after the oils have achieved 120 to 130°F (49 to 54°C) in temperature.
  • Gently pour in the lye to avoid splashing. Stir slowly.
  • Set the blender to low. Stir the mixture, moving in circles. Keep the blender immersed to avoid air bubbles.
  • Continue blending and stirring for 10 to 15 minutes, or until the soap has reached trace. This is when the oils and lye solution have thickened and look like pudding.
  • Cover the slow cooker. Cook on low for 50 minutes. If the mixture bubbles, stir it gently.
  • Turn off the slow cooker. Let cool until the mixture drops below 180°F (82°C). Add essential oils and colorants, if using. Mix well.
  • Fill the soap mould with the mixture. With a spatula, smooth the surface. To get rid of air bubbles, tap the mould on your work surface. If used, top with dried herbs.

Tips for soap-making

  • Always work in a ventilated area when preparing the lye.
  • When adding lye to water, avoid touching the container with bare hands or breathing in the fumes.
  • Never add the lye solution if the base oils are above 180°F (82°C).
  • You can use individual soap molds, which don’t require cutting.
  • Usually, how many drops you use will depend on the quality of the oil and your own preferences. If you want a softer perfume, start with 20 drops, and if you want a stronger aroma, go up to 30 drops. It could require some testing.
  • You might want to start with fewer drops because fragrance oils are typically more concentrated.
  • Once you have a better understanding of how they effect the finished soap, it typically helps to stay with just one smell and one colour.


Making your own soap is a fun and inventive way to use mild, natural soap. Don’t get disappointed if your soap isn’t flawless because it takes practise to perfect the procedure. Your soap will be better the more experiments you conduct.

Always take precautions and go gently. Consider enrolling in a soapmaking workshop for individualised coaching.

Utilize a melt-and-pour soap base, which you may get online, if you don’t want to work with lye. You may experiment with soap-making with this foundation because it has already been saponified before you are ready to create it from scratch.

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